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", of or for all the gods) also worldwide known as the "Temple of all Gods" is a magnificent building and one of the most impressive testimonies to the Ancient Rome.
Even Michelangelo at his first visit in Rome proclaimed this wonder of “angelic and not human design" due to the perfection of execution and the beauty of features, moreover the temple is said to have been built exactly where Romulus, the mythological founder of Rome, at his death was grabbed by an eagle and ascended into the heavens, among the Gods.16 gray monolithic granite columns (14 m.
The site chosen for its construction was previously occupied by the grandiose Nero's area including his ; works began under the emperor Vespasian in around 70-72 AD and were completed in 80 AD under his son Titus, the inauguration games even lasted for one hundred days; over the centuries the Colosseum has suffered different and extensive kind of damages (fires, earthquakes, neglect and so on...) so that it was frequently under restoration works; as symbol of the empire, its name seems to have come from the Nero's giant bronze statue nearby, named after the Colossus of Rhodes; even today it's huge size is still impressive: a capacity of 70000 spectators, a circonference of 527 m., the central arena is 86 m. wide, a surface of 3.357 m² and a height of 57 m., 4 floors (the first three floors are enriched by outer arcades framed by half-columns while the forth floor, the attic, is decorated with flat composite lesenes); its architectural lines and the monumental construction clearly express the features of the first imperial Rome.
As a grand political gesture, the Colosseum was firstly designed to shore up Vespasian's regime, a pleasure palace for the people would have increased their approval, moreover it was used to host gladiatorial games, public spectacles and a variety of other events, anyway it was ensured that the action was in everybody's view; all seats were divided into five horizontal sections () to keep different classes of spectators separate, the best seats went to the élite while plebeians and poors had their own sections and watched the games from a distance, at the same time about one hundred sailors from the naval fleet stationed nearby, raised and lowered an enormous linen awning known as the above the monument to protect the seating area from sun and rain; the Colosseum continued to delight for many centuries, but with the fall of the Roman Empire it had went into decline and was abandoned to the homeless, animals and wild flowers until the beginning of the 14th century when Henry VII gave the Colosseum to the Senate and the Roman people; after a period of stability the monument suffered severe damage from a great number of natural disasters, as a result a large part of materials was even stolen for the construction of other buildings, Palazzo Barberini is worth a mention; a big change appeared in 1744 when Pope Benedict XIV declared the Colosseum a national monument as sacred spot where for centuries Christian martyrs were savagely killed, he was the one who built the stations of the Via Crucis by placing a big cross made of burning torches; since the consecration by Pope Benedict XIV many restoration projects have been initiated and the Colosseum was venerated by a moltitude of Christians, its grandeur and historical significance are admired today by millions of fascinated visitors from all over the world.
When they build the bridge from the US to Europe, I might consider traveling :))It is one of the most famous and recognizable symbols of Rome in the world and one of the most beautiful fountains of the Italian capital, an impressive masterpiece of late Baroque architecture, sculpture and engineering (1735) by Nicola Salvi, Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi) and its magnificent backdrop Poli Palace (Palazzo Poli) dominate Trevi Square (Piazza Trevi).
The construction of the Aqueduct Virgin (" (Treio), meaning a crossing of three roads, the fountain marks the exact terminal point of the aqueduct; the ancient three spouts pouring water into three separate tanks were replaced in 1453 with a larger rectangular basin by Leon Battista Alberti upon the desire of Pope Nicholas V; the aqueduct was later restored in obedience to Pope Pius V's wishes in 1570 and in 1640 taken again in consideration upon request from Pope Urban VIII by Gian Lorenzo Bernini whose assignment was to embellish the fountain and the square with a more imposing style, this in order to glorify the close Barberini Palace (Palazzo Barberini); the square was partly enlarged and the fountain resited from the other side of the square to face the Quirinal, unfortunately after a few years the project was abandoned due to pope's death and the lack of funds; since then the fountain underwent numerous but unsuccessful interventions until the Dukes of Poli, the new Pope Innocent XIII's family, decided to expand their property by including a palace in Trevi Square with a fountain lying on its façade, but only in 1731 the direction has finally changed, Pope Clement XII set up a competition to find an artist able to rebuild the fountain, the winner was Nicola Salvi who proposed to work on the basis of some original Bernini’s sketches, four years later the fountain was partly completed; after a number of different vicissitudes and sculptors only under the Pontificate of Pope Clement XIII and the work of Giuseppe Pannini the fountain was finally completed and inaugurated in 1762.
Too bad he did not fall in head first while contorting himself to reach the coins.